The effects of parent-child attachment on friendship formation in young adulthood



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The present investigation examined the effects of past and present parent-child attachment relationships on friendship formation in young adulthood. Eighty-three first year college students residing in on-campus housing were administered questionnaires measuring retrospective accounts of parental behavior, present attachment to parents, and eleven different relationship dimensions with peers. Principal components analysis yielded three relationship dimensions: Social support, conflict, and relative power. The data revealed that a combination of present and past attachment to mothers and fathers predicted social support in females relationships with peers, but neither past nor present attachment were able to do so alone. Parental attachment was not predictive of social support in males relationships with peers. Past attachment variables also predicted conflict in females relationships with their male peers, and power in males* relationships with their female peers.



Friendship, Parent and child