Evidence-Based Family Psychoeducational Interventions for Children and Adolescents with Psychotic Disorders
Introduction: Family psychoeducational interventions have consistently been found to impact families positively and reduce relapse rates in individuals with psychotic disorders. Research finds that, for adults, family psychoeducational interventions are effective in preventing relapse and improving social and occupational functioning. Psychotic disorders are increasingly recognized as having early onset, yet limited psychoeducational evidence-based intervention services are available and no intervention has centered exclusively on youth with a psychotic disorders and their families. Method: This article reviews the evidence-based literature on family psychoeducational interventions for persons with a psychotic disorder, with a specific focus on the gaps, strengths, and limitations of family psychoeducational treatment for children and adolescents. This article incorporates current research in the proposed development of a family psychoeducational intervention exclusively for adolescents with a psychotic disorder and their parents. Results: A conceptual psychoeducational multiple family group intervention (PMFG) for adolescents with a psychotic disorder is presented. Conclusion: The impact of these disorders affects not only the diagnosed adolescents and their families, but places a significant burden on the health care system and society. This article adapts an evidence-based intervention to improve prognosis, social and peer functioning, and reduce relapse in children and adolescents throughout their life cycle.