Bulk Rock Major and Trace element Chemostratigraphy of the Cretaceous Lower Eagle Ford Formation in South Texas

dc.contributor.advisorCasey, John F.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberGao, Yongjun
dc.contributor.committeeMemberLee, Kyung Jae
dc.creatorAnderson, Hannah Rose
dc.date.accessioned2023-01-01T22:40:27Z
dc.date.available2023-01-01T22:40:27Z
dc.date.createdAugust 2022
dc.date.issued2022-07-27
dc.date.updated2023-01-01T22:40:28Z
dc.description.abstractThe Eagle Ford Formation is an unconventional hydrocarbon source rock play in South Texas which produces oil, condensate, and gas from its organic-rich shales deposited in the Late Cretaceous. Twenty-three whole rock samples of the Lower Eagle Ford from a 120.85 ft core from La Salle County, Texas were studied to evaluate major and trace elements to examine the environment at time of deposition, cyclicity, and source rock potential. Major and minor element analyses were conducted by ICP-OES, trace elements were analyzed by QQQ-ICP-MS, LOI was analyzed by muffle furnace, and TOC was analyzed by LECO at the University of Houston. Average enrichment factors of productivity proxies Cu (1.61), Ni (1.41), Zn (1.53), and Cd (24.96) are greater than one indicating the depositional environment had elevated productivity. High average values of degree of pyritization (0.79), V/(V+Ni) (0.85), S wt% (1.53 wt%), and enrichment factors greater than one for Mo (35.96), V (3.90), and U (2.07), and Se (65.01) and depletion of Mn (0.57) indicate euxinic conditions. Basin restriction is supported by Mo/TOC of ~11 and that the samples plot in particulate shuttle range in the Mo EF vs U EF discriminatory diagram. The samples have depleted detrital elements (Sc (0.32), Y (0.66), Zr (0.35), Nb (0.47), Th (0.43), Hf (0.38), and W (0.24)). The samples are heavily diluted with high carbonate content (CaCO3 = 52.80 wt%) compared to average shale (PAAS). Sample EFRD-S43 is an ash layer with low CaO (0.95 wt%), low TOC (0.50 wt%), and enrichment factors greater than one for detrital elements (Y (1.21), Zr (1.97), Th (2.30), and Hf (3.11)). Three major geochemical cycles were identified at this level of sampling. The samples were deposited in a semi-restricted basin between the Edwards and Sligo reefs which were sills during Eagle Ford basin evolution. The interval of 109.87 ft (EFRD-S41) to 76.91 ft (EFRD-S29) is the most favorable for unconventional petroleum targeting due to the high TOC (6.09 wt%) and organic matter (8.15 wt%), kaolinitic clay reflected by low K/Al ratios (0.24), and high brittleness index (0.83) related to carbonate rich adjacent units.
dc.description.departmentEarth and Atmospheric Sciences, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginborn digital
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10657/13236
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsThe author of this work is the copyright owner. UH Libraries and the Texas Digital Library have their permission to store and provide access to this work. Further transmission, reproduction, or presentation of this work is prohibited except with permission of the author(s).
dc.subjectGeochemistry
dc.subjectEagle Ford
dc.titleBulk Rock Major and Trace element Chemostratigraphy of the Cretaceous Lower Eagle Ford Formation in South Texas
dc.type.dcmiText
dc.type.genreThesis
thesis.degree.collegeCollege of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
thesis.degree.departmentEarth and Atmospheric Sciences, Department of
thesis.degree.disciplineGeology
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science
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