Concurrent Transmission with Adaptive Forwarder Set



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Precisely-timed concurrent transmission(CX) is relatively new in wireless sensor network (WSN), and protocols based on CX can implement reliable and conceptually simple flooding mechanism. These protocols work well; however, they are intrinsically energy inefficient for non-flooding traffic models, because in such cases not every node needs those flooding packets, but all of them have to receive and then forward. Efforts have been spent in reducing forwarder set size for those cases, typically by removing those nodes which are not between" the packet source and destination so that they are useless". These efforts are effective, but they have to keep some unnecessary forwarders because they rely on topology information and this information is subject to network dynamics and then not precise. Here we present a new mechanism CXAFS to enhance Forwarder Selection (CXFS) protocol by further removing unnecessary forwarders. We implement 3 variants of CXAFS and evaluate them on our 27-node testbed. Results show that CXAFS can reduce forwarder set size by up to 40% and reduce duty cycle by 40%, at the expense of lower packet reception ratio(less than 10% lower).CXAFS is a feasible option when energy efficiency is top priority and packet reception ratio is not extremely important.



Concurrent transmission, Adaptive forwarder set