Depression in children and their parents
The investigation examined depression in 3 groups of children (ages 8-12) and their parents: nonclinic (N = 25), nondepressed clinic (N = 22), and depressed clinic (N = 16). Children received a DSM-III diagnosis of depression based on Kiddie-SADS interview data. Compared to nondepressives, depressed children self-reported more depression (GDI), evidenced more psychiatric symptoms, had a more depressive attributional style, more self-control problems and a more negative perception of their family. Compared to nonclinic children, clinic children came from less stable families, were of lower SES, had more difficulties in their cognitive functioning and their parents reported them to have poorer self-control. Depressed children had more depressed mothers than did nondepressed children. Clinic children had parents with more pathology than did nonclinic children.There were few differences between the three groups of parents in attributional style or self-control behavior for themselves or their children. No relationship was found between the attributional style and self-control behavior of children and their parents.