Preschool parent attitudes toward quality child care programs in Thailand

Date

1984

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Abstract

Questions of quality child care and its maintenance are among the most critical currently in early childhood education today. Present efforts to promote quality programs, however, are still fragmented and are sometimes of questionable effectiveness (Kilmer, 1980). Yet very few research studies have attended to these concerns especially in the area of parent attitudes toward quality child care. The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in preschool parent attitudes toward select characteristics of quality child care in Thailand. Additionally, this study examined parent moderating background variables in order to determine if they had an influence on parent attitudes toward quality child care. The research study consisted of 384 parents of three- to six-year-olds, who were enrolled in public and private child care programs. Each parent was given the Attitudes Toward Child Care Questionnaire. The significant differences in preschool parent attitudes toward select characteristics of quality child care between public and private preschool parents was tested by an application of Wilks' lambda, a multivariate analysis of variance, a univariate analysis of variance, and a discriminant analysis to examine the first null hypothesis. A multiple regression analysis was used to examine the second null hypothesis. Results suggest a significant difference in public and private preschool parents' attitudes toward characteristics of quality child care. The two groups of parents differed in their attitudes toward supplementary services, home-center cooperation, government regulations, teaching practices, and space. Supplementary services were found to be the best discriminator of parent attitudes toward quality child care. Six background variables were found to be significant predictors of parent attitudes toward quality child care. Results of this study suggest not only do public and private preschool parents have different attitudes toward quality child care, but also their attitudes toward quality child care are influenced by select background variables.

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Keywords

Day care centers--Thailand, Education, Preschool--Thailand, Parent and child--Thailand

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