A study of the management systems of the junior colleges in the state of Texas



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This investigation was concerned with the behavior of the professional personnel within the junior colleges in the state of Texas. The purpose of the study was twofold: first, to ascertain the relationship of perception between the members of the Administrative Group (N=592) and the members of the Faculty Group (N=3,345), relative to the current and desired Likert management systems (SYSTEM 1: exploitive authoritative is management having no confidence or trust in subordinates; SYSTEM 2: benevolent authoritative is management having condescending confidence and trust in subordinates, such as master to servant; SYSTEM 3: consultative is management having substantial, but not complete, confidence and trust in subordinates; SYSTEM 4: participative group is management having complete confidence and trust in subordinates) of the junior colleges in the state; and second, to determine the statistical relationship of these perceptions to certain pre-determined institutional variables. The review of related literature, from industry and business, from educational organizations, and from leading management theorists, supported the concept that participation in the decision-making process is considered advantageous by, and for, those who will be affected by the decisions. Research does not refute this concept. A Likert 18 item questionnaire, in the form of a 20 segment continuum (FORM S), was mailed in the fall of 1970 to the members of the Administrative and Faculty Groups at fifty junior college campuses in Texas. Usable responses of 384 (65%) and 2,385 (71%), respectively, were received from these two groups. The forms were analyzed by correlational statistics, t-tests, and r to z transformations, which produced the findings below: [...]



Junior colleges--Administration