Self-observation and report of behavior : process and utilization



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Developing dependable, convenient and cost-efficient methods for monitoring and recording everyday behavior over time is an important problem in behavioral research. Monitoring of everyday behavior is valuable in a rehabilitation hospital, where patients' disabilities may limit their range of activities. Behavioral self-reports, which rely on patients to observe and report their own streams of behavior, are an efficient monitoring technique for such situations. The study had two purposes: (a) to explore characteristics of records resulting when independent observers record the behavior of a target person and when the target person self-reports, and (b) to increase understanding of the data yielded by a behavioral self-report technique for monitoring patients' activities in a rehabilitation hospital. Three methods were used to record the daily behavior streams of ten patients hospitalized with spinal cord injuries: (a) patients monitored characteristics of their own behaviors and reported these events chronologically to a researcher at the end of a half-day period (b) independent observers recorded continuous naturalistic observations of 90-minute intervals of the target patients behavior streams and (c) independent observers reported retrospectively at one point in time observations of 90-minute intervals of the target patients behavior streams. Data obtained from the third method were used to clarify sources of disagreement between the target patients self-reports and the independent observers continuously recorded observations. Each patient was monitored four days a week for two weeks. At the end of the data collection, patients ranked the importance of the various kinds of behavior recorded. [...]



Introspection, Rehabilitation