A policy of postponement : American planning for postwar Korea, 1943-1947



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Why, in less than five years after the end of the war in the Pacific, did the United States become involved in the Korean War? The much desired and hoped for peaceful and secure postwar world failed to become a reality. The answer, in part, can be found in the conduct of American diplomacy during and immediately after the Second World War. During World War II, American foreign policy was influenced greatly by the military necessity of defeating the Axis Powers. Concern for the postwar geo-political settlements took a subsidiary position to the need to preserve the wartime alliance with the Soviet Union. The Cairo Declaration's statement on Korea's future was not a political statement, but rather, was designed for military purposes. America's policy of postponement for geo-political settlements, in part, attributable to Roosevelt's belief in his ability as a negotiator, limited options left open to the United States in the postwar period. [...]