The relationship between a measure of self-actualization and the facilitative conditions offered in counseling



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Statement of the Problem. The review of the literature indicated a need for continuing research in the area of counselor selection. The specific need is to continue to identify personality characteristics which are related to counseling effectiveness. The problem for study was the investigation of the association between the ability of counseling students to provide certain therapeutic conditions within a counseling relationship and a measure of the self-actualization of the counselor. Purpose of the Study. The review of the literature also revealed a need for the replication of studies in counselor education. The purpose of this study was to replicate Foulds' 1967 study An Investigation of the Relationship Between Therapeutic Conditions Offered and a Measure of Self-Actualization with a similar but different population. Procedures. Subjects for the study were 40 volunteer graduate students enrolled in a beginning counseling practicum at the University of Houston or at the Pan American University counselor education programs during the spring semester, 1976. The Personal Orientation Inventory (POI), a measure of self-actualization, was administered to the subjects as a group during the 12th week of a 15-week semester. Subjects were asked to submit to the researcher a tape-recorded counseling session which they considered to be representative of one of their better efforts up to that time. These were collected during the 12th week of a 15-week semester. Three 3-minute excerpts were randomly selected from each third of the counseling session and randomly recorded on a master tape. Trained raters rated 120 data samples using the following Carkhuff scales (1969) to measure therapeutic conditions offered: (1) Empathic Understanding in Interpersonal Processes; (2) The Communication of Respect in Interpersonal Processes; and (3) Facilitative Genuineness in Interpersonal Processes. Total ratings on each therapeutic condition and a total of all three therapeutic conditions were obtained for each subject. These were correlated with scores on the two major and 10 subscales of the POI. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were computed to describe the relationship between the variables. [...]



Self-actualization (Psychology), Counseling