Essays on debt recourse and financial inclusion

dc.contributor.committeeMemberSorensen, Bent E.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberSzabo, Andrea
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWang, Fan
dc.contributor.committeeMemberLuengo-Prado, María José
dc.creatorBiju, Nabila Rahman R
dc.creator.orcid0009-0008-9920-819X
dc.date.accessioned2024-01-20T22:00:12Z
dc.date.createdAugust 2023
dc.date.issued2023-08
dc.date.updated2024-01-20T22:00:12Z
dc.description.abstractThe first study investigates the impact of different mortgage laws across states in the United States on consumers’ income elasticities of consumption. Specifically, I examine whether consumers residing in states with recourse mortgage laws demonstrate different income elasticities of consumption compared to those living in non-recourse states. Using a comprehensive household-level panel dataset, I find significant variations in income elasticities of consumption for non-durable goods among homeowners in recourse and non-recourse states. However, no significant difference is observed for non-homeowners which conforms to the hypothesis that mortgage law shouldn’t affect non-homeowners. Homeowners in recourse states exhibit 0.07 to 0.1 lower income elasticities of consumption for non-durable goods, indicating a relatively better ability to smooth their consumption patterns. I attribute this phenomenon to increased credit availability in recourse states, driven by reduced risk to lenders. Furthermore, the findings demonstrate that the impact of recourse is more pronounced among homeowners with lower credit scores, implying that recourse offers greater benefits to credit-constrained individuals. Thus, recourse appears to benefit the marginal consumer by enhancing credit accessibility, particularly in regions with lower credit scores. The second research paper examines the impact of a policy implemented in Bangladesh in 2011 aimed at enhancing financial accessibility for the rural population by increasing the number of rural branches of private banks. Under this policy, private banks were required to open an equal number of rural branches whenever they opened urban branches. Using a unique dataset and employing difference-in-difference and event-study methods, the study finds evidence of an increase in rural branches without adversely affecting the existing number of urban branches, suggesting a positive impact on total branch expansion. However, a robustness check using a different measure of pre-policy variation reveals no significant change in rural and total branch numbers, while urban branches exhibit a decline suggesting the possibility of an unintended consequence of policy which increased the cost of opening new urban branches.
dc.description.departmentEconomics, Department of
dc.format.digitalOriginborn digital
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10657/15983
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsThe author of this work is the copyright owner. UH Libraries and the Texas Digital Library have their permission to store and provide access to this work. Further transmission, reproduction, or presentation of this work is prohibited except with permission of the author(s).
dc.subjectRecourse
dc.subjectConsumption
dc.subjectFinancial inclusion
dc.subjectBanking
dc.titleEssays on debt recourse and financial inclusion
dc.type.dcmitext
dc.type.genreThesis
dcterms.accessRightsThe full text of this item is not available at this time because the student has placed this item under an embargo for a period of time. The Libraries are not authorized to provide a copy of this work during the embargo period.
local.embargo.lift2025-08-01
local.embargo.terms2025-08-01
thesis.degree.collegeCollege of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences
thesis.degree.departmentEconomics, Department of
thesis.degree.disciplineEconomics
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy

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