The first legislature of the state of Texas



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When Texas joined the United States on December 29, 1845, before her lay the challenge of changing her national government to conform to the standards of statehood. Some of the men who served in the First Legislature were capable, qualified leaders, but many farmers of little renown also took part. This group enacted those laws the new state constitution required and others they and their constituents felt necessary. A court system, new counties, tax laws, Indian and slave regulations, and other grave decisions occupied their time. A few problems the legislature could not solve: how to pay the Republic’s debt, what to do with the public land, and how to provide for an educational system. These were left for future sessions.



History, Texas, Nineteenth century, Government