Cognitive patterns in unipolar, bipolar and schizophrenic outpatients



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Subjects meeting diagnostic criteria for unipolar depression, bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, who were being treated with psychotropic medications for control of primary symptoms, were administered cognitve and social-cognitive questionnaires which have been shown to be related to depression. Significant group differences existed between unipolar and bipolar subjects of the Beck Depression Inventory and between unipolar and schizophrenic subjects on the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire. Scores across all groups were similar on the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale, the Attributional Style Questionnaire and the Self Control Questionnaire. Significant correlations between level of depressive symptomatology and most social cognitive measures existed within all groups. it is concluded that most "depression-related" social cognitive measures, with the probable exception of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire, are not specific to the syndrome of major depression, but rather, relate to the severity of specific depression symptoms across various diagnostic groups.



Affective disorders, Depression, Mental, Manic-depressive illness