The impact of motivational strategies on staff development programs in education and on training programs in business and industry : implications for teacher education



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Research of the last decade has been critical of the effectiveness of staff development programs to provide motivation for teachers' professional growth. The purpose of his study was to determine the importance of motivational strategies in the training of teachers in school districts and of employees in business and industry. It is unclear whether the same motivators can be successful with both groups. Herzberg's Theory of Work Motivation was used to determine which motivators were present in both programs. Furthermore, the perceived impact of these motivators on the participants' satisfaction with and application of the training was examined. Finally, implications were made for improving staff development programs. Teachers from two school districts and employees from one business and one industry in the Greater Houston area were participants. Observations of the programs and interviews with the teachers and employees were completed to determine the presence of the motivators and the extent to which the participants perceived the motivators as important for their satisfaction with and application of the training. Analysis of the data indicated similarities and differences of perceptions. Results indicated that all five motivators were present during the sessions. Both groups rated achievemnt as the most influential for providing satisfaction. The teachers perceived that having challenging and interesting programs would most enhance their application of the content of the training. However, the employees rated having opportunity for growth and advancement as the most important for application. Implications from the interviews suggest: a) teachers want to be active participants in staff development programs, b) there should be a systematic means for assessing staff development needs, c)the programs should provide opportunities for the teachers to select programs which are related to their teaching assignments and designed for improving their growth and performance, and d)the staff development programs should provide multiple opportunities for practice and feedback. Consistent with the literature, this study found that Herzberg's motivators were effective in strengthening employees' professional growth and in increasing job performance. In addition, the motivators enhanced teachers' satisfaction with and application of their training.



Teachers--Job satisfaction, Teachers--In-service training