Human Factors Systems Engineering: A Mars Transit Habitat Design for Crew Psychological and Psychiatric Support
Stanford, Spencer McClain
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Humanities ventures into space have been limited to small distances and short-durations compared to that of a long-duration mission to Mars. A manned Mars mission poses new challenges for both systems engineering and human factors. If we are to move beyond the relative safety of the earth’s constellation, then the shift in mindset from surviving in space to “living” in space for engineers, mission planners, and the crew itself will play a critical role in ensuring mission success for these long missions. This monograph is two-fold. First, I will identify the cognitive factors a Mars crew will face during a Mars mission and the stages in which those factors present themselves. Secondly, proposed engineering design solutions are informed by those findings and applied to a Mars Transit Vehicle design. By finding resolutions to these problems, we can reduce the probability of mission failure due to crew cognitive health and performance.