Racial Residential Segregation, the Distribution of Health-Promoting Community Organizations, and Health Outcomes
Anderson, Kathryn Freeman
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Previous research demonstrates that within cities, some neighborhoods suffer from health problems at much higher rates than other areas. In my work, I propose that one reason for this disparity may be the distribution of community establishments. Organizations and service providers play an important role in a community and pattern access to resources which are vital to health and well-being. Yet, these places are not evenly distributed throughout society. In particular, I study how racial residential segregation is related to the distribution of community services across neighborhoods. Although no longer legally enforced, racial residential segregation remains a persistent feature of the American urban landscape. In an analysis of cities across the U.S., as well as specially looking at the case of Houston, I find that racially segregated communities are disproportionately less likely to have a wide variety of health-related establishments. Furthermore, this inequality has health consequences for those communities.