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dc.contributor.advisorCheung, Monit
dc.creatorChen, Xin
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-30T15:55:40Z
dc.date.available2018-11-30T15:55:40Z
dc.date.created2018-05
dc.date.issuedMay 2018
dc.date.submittedMay 2018
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10657/3443
dc.description.abstractResearch shows that individuals who speak English as a second language (ESL) adjust personality as a function of their ESL competence. A mixed-method design was used to examine whether Nonnative English speaking (NNES) Chinese individuals' well-being and acculturation can be influenced by their ESL competence and personality adjustment. Quantitatively, 223 valid surveys were collected from consented NNES individuals from Mainland China residing in Houston, Texas. Qualitatively, 30 participants from the pool of survey completers were interviewed using a phenomenological approach. With quantitative data support, "ESL-Self" was created as a construct to represent four groups of NNES categorized in terms of Awareness of Personality Adjustment (APA) and ESL competence (Group 1: Without APA and low ESL competence; Group 2: Without APA and high ESL competence; Group 3: With APA and low ESL competence; Group 4: With APA and high ESL competence). Further supported by qualitative data, these four ESL-Self groups were characterized as Separator, Learner, Worrier, and Integrator. MANOVA and multinomial regression results indicated significant overall acculturation differences among these four groups. Subjects who are younger, have positive acculturation, and have been in the U.S. longer are more likely to be classified as Integrator. Three types of language switching patterns were emerged as related to culture, peers, and stigma. Four themes were discovered to describe the personality adjustment process: no personality adjustment, personality regression, personality authenticity, and personality cultural adaptation. The implications were discussed with an emphasis on social work involvement in assessing ESL clients' needs and language competence.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.rightsThe author of this work is the copyright owner. UH Libraries and the Texas Digital Library have their permission to store and provide access to this work. Further transmission, reproduction, or presentation of this work is prohibited except with permission of the author(s).
dc.subjectLanguage switching
dc.subjectPersonality adjustment
dc.subjectAcculturation
dc.subjectESL environment
dc.titleSwitching between Two Languages: Influences on Personality Adjustment and Acculturation among Nonnative English Speakers from Mainland China
dc.date.updated2018-11-30T15:55:41Z
dc.type.genreThesis
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.disciplineSocial Work
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.departmentSocial Work, Graduate College of
dc.contributor.committeeMemberSampson, McClain M.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWilliams Jennings, Sheara
local.embargo.terms2020-05-01
local.embargo.lift2020-05-01
dcterms.accessRightsThe full text of this item is not available at this time because the student has placed this item under an embargo for a period of time. The Libraries are not authorized to provide a copy of this work during the embargo period.
dc.type.dcmiText
dc.format.digitalOriginborn digital
dc.description.departmentSocial Work, Graduate College of
thesis.degree.collegeGraduate College of Social Work


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