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dc.contributor.advisorWitt, Alan
dc.creatorPalmer, Amanda L.
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-30T20:58:34Z
dc.date.available2017-06-30T20:58:34Z
dc.date.createdMay 2017
dc.date.issued2017-05
dc.date.submittedMay 2017
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10657/1856
dc.description.abstractApproximately 25% of the general working population in the United States suffers from high rates of emotional exhaustion (Shanafelt et al., 2015). The primary component of workplace burnout, emotional exhaustion is very costly among employees and their employers (Cropanzano et al., 2003; Lee & Ashforth, 1996). Distributive justice predicts emotional exhaustion in employees working outside of academia; however, the relationship has not been thoroughly examined within faculty populations (Cole et al., 2010; Frenkel et al., 2012; Howard & Cordes, 2010; Tepper, 2000; Ferron, 2013; Sun, 2002). Furthermore, new evidence comparing the resource conservation against resource acquisition sides of the conservation of resources (COR) theory suggest that there are competing individual differences that influence the degree to which an individual responds to stressors in the environment, such as low levels of distributive justice (Halbesleben, Neveu, Paustian-Underdahl, & Westman 2014; Hobfoll, 1989). With the current study, I tested the effectiveness of the competing sides of COR as well as how voice and conscientiousness interact as boundary conditions for the relationship between distributive justice and emotional exhaustion. Results from analyses of data collected from 219 tenured and tenure-track faculty revealed that neither voice nor conscientiousness independently moderated the relationship. The interaction of combined voice and conscientiousness as moderators approached significance. Following the resource acquisition side of COR, the effects tended to be stronger among individuals high in voice and low in conscientiousness and weaker among individuals high in voice and high in conscientiousness. Following the resource conservationist side of COR, the relationship tended to be weaker among individuals low in voice and high in conscientiousness. When comparing simple slopes, there were no significant differences, and I offer guidance for future studies that aim to test these competing sides of COR in a similar manner. These findings potentially expand the understanding of COR theory and inform practitioners on strategies they may use to help shield employees from emotional exhaustion.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsThe author of this work is the copyright owner. UH Libraries and the Texas Digital Library have their permission to store and provide access to this work. Further transmission, reproduction, or presentation of this work is prohibited except with permission of the author(s).
dc.subjectEmotional Exhaustion
dc.subjectPersonality
dc.subjectVoice Behavior
dc.subjectConservation of Resources
dc.subjectResource Acquisition
dc.subjectThree-way Interaction
dc.subjectResource Conservation
dc.titleAcquiring vs. Conserving Resources: Examining the Effects of Distributive Justice on Emotional Exhaustion in Academia
dc.date.updated2017-06-30T20:58:35Z
dc.type.genreThesis
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychology, Industrial and Organizational
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Houston
thesis.degree.departmentPsychology, Department of
dc.contributor.committeeMemberCampion, James E.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberPorter, Caitlin
dc.contributor.committeeMemberZheng, Dianhan
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-8691-9418
dc.type.dcmitext
dc.format.digitalOriginborn digital
dc.description.departmentPsychology, Department of
thesis.degree.collegeCollege of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences


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